Friday, April 25, 2014


            For a nation of people whose own independence was purchased at high price 238 years ago, it is disappointing to see how short our national memory is when it comes to world events of fairly recent date. I would find it rare, for instance, to see so much as a hint of recognition cross the face of a high school or even college graduate of current vintage at the mention of such words as Pegasus Bridge, Arnhem, Remagen or Pont du Hoc. Unless their parents are motion picture buffs, even they might need help remembering a military embarrassment known as Market Garden. They might all be excused therefore – along admittedly with most of their fellow citizens  – for failing to see why the people of Holland should make such a big deal about today: May 5th 2014. So here’s another great word for us all: Bevrijdingsdag!
            In Dutch it means Liberation Day! And for the citizens of The Netherlands of all ages, it is the day when, 79 years ago, Allied forces freed their country from the yoke of Nazi occupation. It will once again be celebrated as a national holiday across that tulip-bedazzled land, and nowhere with more solemnity than the area around Maastricht. In the American War Cemetery at nearby Margraten lie 8301 American warrior-dead, their gleaming white markers outlining semi-circles amid a backdrop of manicured green lawns and white commemorative architecture. Nowhere in Europe (where more than 125,000 American servicemen slumber), will any field of honor exceed this one in well-maintained grandeur. For here, you see, the ground and grave keepers are special.

            In what I can’t help but see as a stroke of wisdom, the surrounding towns decided long ago to allow local citizens to literally adopt a grave, in a program through which they would not only maintain the burial site, but search out and preserve the individual identity and personality of the soldier or airman conferred into their care and keeping. In the homes of most participating burgers one might find photographs of “their” hero, and in many cases, correspondence to and from families, friends, neighbors and school teachers of the deceased in America. Much genealogical and military research has proudly been carried out in the pursuit of these sacred duties, from which international friendships have been born and preserved.
            Of course, “caretakers” pass on or move away, but no worry; the waiting list of replacement families is long and growing, so great is the perceived honor enshrined in the privileged duty. Add to all this the fact that the same adopt-a-grave policy applies to nearby cemeteries for other Allied war dead, many of whom are British, Polish and Australian troops who lost their lives in the failed “Operation Market Garden” of “A Bridge Too Far” movie fame.
            It is expected that at least 30,000 people will attend today’s ceremonies at Maastricht, at which a traditional trumpet solo will render the moving “SILENCE” at the conclusion of the memorial concert. (Based upon the original “Taps” as adapted by Italian composer Nino Rossi, the performance of this heart-stirring number by 13-year old Melissa Venema in 2006 had a world-wide impact via the internet.)
            As an American whose freedom-loving roots go deep, I would like to convey profound THANKS to those friends – like the people of The Netherlands – who take time to remember. I can only wish we did a better job of it ourselves.

Peter Schroyen, left, a Dutch citizen places a photo before the monument of Easy Company member William H. Dukeman, Jr. (“Band of Brothers”). Schroyen even made a trip to Denver to meet family members.
Photo Courtesy Encyclopedia Britannica

Sunday, April 13, 2014


            As the first reports of the most recent shooting incident at Fort Hood crept across the bottom of my television screen days ago, my attention was immediately captured. When I learned that an alert and obviously well-trained Military Police officer had confronted the shooter and brought the tragedy to a close avoiding an even worse outcome, some closely-held memory cells came to vivid life.
            When I enlisted in the newly-formed U.S. Air Force in 1950 having just turned 17 and with the Korean War underway, I had visions of a hoped for assignment in the flight crew of a B-29 bomber, realizing thereby a lifelong goal to somehow get into the air. Fate – or perhaps misadventure depending on one’s point of view – intervened and I ended up with what I thought was a temporary diversion into an Air Police Squadron undergoing training for a combat support role. I surprised myself when, six months later, I turned down the dreamed-of acceptance in Airborne Gunnery School to remain in military law enforcement. For reasons still unclear, I had found a “home” amid the unique sense of pride and comradeship which bound together such a “band of brothers”.
            Nowhere in the civilian world, -  I realize now -  would a 17 - 18-year old “kid” of that day find himself entrusted with such a wide variety of everyday tasks and duties bridging such a range of responsibilities and specialties. Along with such mundane and unfulfilling duties as the guarding of lonely outposts in miserable weather conditions or directing traffic on a busy installation where traffic signals were non-existent, there were those random moments of spine-tingling exhilaration when pursuing an escaped prisoner through the dark and dangerous warrens of some abandoned building or affecting the arrest of a subject whose state of mind and willingness to cooperate are just some of the unknowns.
            Along with on-the-job training in fingerprint analysis, crime-scene management and interrogation technique, there were hours devoted to live-fire familiarization with virtually every kind of military weaponry from the .45 caliber side arms we wore every day to the heavy-duty ordnance I would soon come to find important in a far-off  land. (And I must confess to a particular fondness for the classic Thompson sub- machinegun I got to carry when guarding the transport of a multi-million-dollars-in-cash-payroll in a mad dash from railway station to base!)  In time, I gravitated into the field of Criminal Investigation and the intricacies of the Military Justice System from field work to courtroom, with the first homicide in my case file by age 19.
            This background will help to explain why an incident in my own experience leaped into my mind so easily in the wake of the news from Fort Hood last week.
            In the course of supervising an Air Police Security unit in a combat zone in Korea, I once found it necessary to deal with an emotionally-disturbed airman whose behavior had become erratic and worrisome; to the point where it became advisable to restrict his duty assignment to an office environment where he would not be carrying a weapon. The first indication that his condition had escalated began with his disappearance along with that of his “confiscated” .30 caliber M-2 carbine and at least one 30-round magazine of ammunition. When, shortly thereafter automatic weapon fire began to shower down on us from a nearby hillside it was obvious that our worst fears had come to pass. We faced a “rogue” American who, because he was one of us, posed the worst kind of threat.
            My memories of the incident are still with me 62 years later: the sense of betrayal that one of our own would turn against us, the feeling of helplessness as live rounds pinned us down, and sadness that we had clearly been unaware of the extent of estrangement in which our tent mate found himself; but most of all, grateful that we were finally able to disarm our friend without injury, and see him safely strapped into a MASH ambulance and beginning the long journey home.
            I am also proud to have served as a “Military Cop” at a time of national need as I continue to be for those who similarly serve their country today in every branch and wherever stationed.

Members of the 105th Security Forces Squadron of the New York Air National Guard attend an honor ceremony for a comrade – Staff Sgt. Todd Lobraico, Jr. – who gave his life defending others while deployed in Afghanistan in September, 2013.                                 U.S. Air National Guard Photo

Saturday, April 5, 2014


            Victory for the Allies in World War II in Europe was never the sure thing most American citizens might have assumed it to be. If there was, however, a single transcendent event of such far-reaching consequence that its outcome could well weigh the scales in one direction or the other, it began in the early morning hours of June 6, 1944 on the beaches of Normandy and played out in the following weeks in the French countryside. It would be by every measurement, the most colossal human endeavor in world history.
             So immense was the year-long build-up of men and materiel in Great Britain that pundits joked that the entire island sank several inches in the surrounding sea with the sheer weight of it all. As important as the planning and preparations would be, it was of towering importance that the chosen target beaches and timing of the inevitable invasion be a tightly guarded secret. Every imaginable device was employed to insure this iron-clad secrecy, even including the staging of “make-believe” invasion forces and faked radio programming referred to by Churchill as his “bodyguard of lies”. And that leads me to the story for today – exactly 70 years after the “tragedy” at Slapton Sands took place.
            Of the five invasion beaches -  Sword, Juno and Gold assigned to British and Canadian forces, and Omaha and Utah assigned to American troops – planners believed the latter, Utah, posed the greatest challenge. It was therefore decided that “live” practice at a remote and “safe” location was indicated. Low and behold, such a site was identified at a former seaside resort on Devon’s southwest coast known as Slapton Sands, where approaches, topography and tides seemed a close match to the Normandy target of “Force U” landings.
            With an eye to secrecy, local inhabitants of the area were quietly and discreetly evacuated and plans for a nighttime exercise to be known as Operation Tiger were set in motion. The first phase of the practice assault on the evening of April 27, 1944 was marred by a “friendly fire” incident in which U.S. troops went ashore not having been told that orders had been given to bombard the beach area with real ammunition. Casualties resulted, but the real travesty still lay ahead.
            In the early morning hours of April 28, a convoy of large Landing craft carrying tanks, heavy equipment and 30,000 men of the U.S. 4th Infantry Division made a wide, sweeping approach through Lyme Bay for the crucial D-Day rehearsal landing on Slapton Sands. Because the British destroyers and shielding Naval vessels providing a protective screen to seaward were unable to communicate on a correct wave length to the landing force en route, it was not realized that due to shipboard problems the crucial lead destroyer had departed the area leaving the LSTs virtually unprotected.
            One of the most deadly and efficient sea craft deployed by the German Kriegsmarine in WWII was a fast, wooden-hulled motor torpedo boat known as a Schnellboot. Measuring nearly 100 feet in length and powered by a 3960 h.p. 20-cylinder diesel engine, the “S” craft could travel at speeds of 50 mph, with a range permitting them easy cross-channel transit from bases in Cherbourg.  It was a squadron of these patrolling attack craft that intercepted the American LSTs in Lyme Bay two hours after midnight. The surprise attack hit 4 landing craft carrying men of the 1st Engineer Special Brigade, each heavily laden with equipment and untrained in the proper use of life preservers which tended to turn them upside-down in the frigid waters.
            Over the years I have pursued a number of accounts detailing the not-so-secret “secret” tragedy of Slapton Sands which slipped out after the fact, and the casualty number varies. Taking into account the two dimensions of the “perfect storm” of Allied mistakes, blunders and oversights and the best estimates of losses available, I believe that at least 1400 American soldiers and Coastguardsmen paid with their lives.
            The ripple effect of the incident reached the highest levels, and because ten of the “missing” men carried with them a complete knowledge of the D-Day landings planned for just 38 days hence, the entire enterprise was held in suspense until all ten bodies were accounted for.
            The first civilians to guess at the truth of the story were the residents of Slapton Sands who filtered back into an area pockmarked with emerging grave sites. It was these English country folk who wept for American boys and erected a temporary memorial at a place the rest of the world would not hear about for some time.

An Army Signal Corps photo records U.S. troops “storming” the beaches of Slapton Sands, Devon in April, 1944 in the course of a costly D-Day rehearsal.

A Sherman tank which was reclaimed from the sea where it sank along with the LST carrying it on April 28, 1944 is today a part of the Slapton Sands memorial site.